(*25.4.1909, Chrudim - ✝2.10.1960, Prague)
He studied in Prague with Otakar Jeremiáš. He started to compose in the style of Romanticism. Characteristic is his work with harmony and timbre and dramatic character of music. Somber ton-colors are typical for his music (especially in his Third Symphony, 1957-58, or ballet Don Quijote, 1955). He was also influenced by Czech and Moravian folklore (opera Balada o lásce/Ballad on Love, 1960). He used also satire (in his ballet Král Lávra/King Lávra, 1951, Líný Honza/Lazy Honza or Křest sv. Vladimíra/Christening of St. Vladimir). After the war, he wasn't an author favored by state.