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Viktor ULLMANN

(*1. 1. 1898 Teschen (Poland) — †18. 10. 1944 Auschwitz)

German composer born and living in Czech lands

He studied High School in Vienna, later was in the voluntary service during the 1st World War. Between 1918 and 1919, he attended the composition seminar of Arnold Schönberg in Vienna. From 1920 to 1927, he worked as a conductor of the German Theatre in Prague (under the chief of opera Alexander Zemlinsky). From 1928 to 1929, he headed the opera in Ústí n. Labem, From 1929 to 1931, he was the conductor of the Theatre in Geneve, and he worked at antroposophical liberary in Stuttgart until 1933. From 1933 to 1939, he lived in Prague and worked as a teacher and composer. He remained in contact with Alois Hába and the circle of the International Society for Contemporary Music. He worked for the German broadcasting division in the Czech Radio and for the International Society for Music Education. He wrote many reviews. After 1939, he lost the opportunity to have his work performed in public. In 1942, he edited his works to print them himself. On September 9th 1942, he was deported to the Theresienstadt Ghetto where he was significantly active in the organization of the camp´s culture life. On October 16th 1944, he was deported to Osvetim. He wrote orchestral Variationen über Schönberg (which received the Universal Edition prize in 1934), Neo-Classicist Symphonische Phantasie, concerts for piano and saxophone, piano sonatas and some collections of songs with expressive Post-Romantic melodic. He completed three operas: Der Sturz des Antichrist (1935, performed in 1995), one-act opera Der zerbrochene Krug (1942, performed in 1996) and Kaiser von Atlantis Der Kaiser von Atlantis oder Die Tod-Verweigerung (1943, performed in 1975 Amsterdam).