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Eduard HAKEN

(*22.3.1910, Szklin - ✝21.1.1996, Prague)

Czech opera singer - bass

He studied in Luck in Ukraine, where he performed in the children choirs. During his medical studies in Prague (1929–1932), he also studied singing with Dimitr Levytsky, Friedrich Plaschke and A. Granforte. From 1936, he sang basso roles in the National Theatre in Prague. From 1938, he performed in the Opera in Olomouc (he debuted as jailer Beneš in Smetana's Dalibor. From 1941 to 1991, he was a prominent bass vocalist in the National Theatre in Prague.

His bass voice had a large register with a broad scale of abilities of expression. He created approximately 70 roles in the National Theatre in Prague. He shone in the comic roles (from 1943, he premiered as Kecal in Smetana's The Bartered Bride, later Mumlal in Smetana's Two Widows, Basilio in Rossini's  The Barber from Sevilla, Osmin in Mozart's The Abduction from Seraglio and others, later he sang more serious roles, such as Water Goblin in Dvořák's Rusalka, Grigoris in Martinů's Greek Passion, Paloucký in Smetana's The Kiss, Svätopluk in Suchoň's Svätopluk, Ivan Susanin in Glinka's Ivan Susanin, Don Quijote in Massenet's Don Quijote and Gremin in Tchaikovsky's Eugen Onegin, and the sarcastic Mephistopheles in Gounod's Faust and others). For almost forty years, he was one of the most attractive persons of the opera in the National Theatre in Prague.