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Eduard (Francevič) Nápravník

(*24. 8. 1839 Býšť near Hradec Králové †10./23. 11. 1916 Peterburg)

Czech conductor and composer living in Russia.

He studied in the School for Organists in Prague with Karel F. Pitsch and František Blažek, instrumentation privately with Johann Friedrich Kittl. He worked primarily as a teacher and publicist. From 1861, he worked in Peterburg as the Kapellmeister of the Jusupovov Orchestra. From 1863, he was engaged in the Tsar´s Opera (Mariinskij teatr) in Peterburg, first as an assistant of Kapellmeister, then as organist and répétiteur, and as second from 1867 and as first Kapellmeister from 1869. He assimilated into the Russian milieu and became an important personality of Russian music life where he contributed to the great artistic level of Russian opera. He studied many premieres of Russian music such as Dargomyžskij, Rimskij-Korsakov, Musorgsky, Rubinstein, a well as several operas of Tschaikovsky: Stone Guest [Kamennyj gosť] (1872), Pskoviťanka (1873), Boris Godunov (1874), The Demon (1875), The Queen of Spides (1890), Iolanta (1892) as well as fundamental operas of the European contemporary repertoire. He premiered two Czech operas in Russia: in 1871 Smetana´s The Bartered Bride, in 1900 Smetana´s Dalibor. He also conducted symphonic concerts among others in the Tsar´s Russian Music Society. He wrote many instrumental compositions and choiral, chamber music, 4 symphonies, collections of dance pieces, orchestral pieces and 4 operas: Nižegorodcy (1869 in Peterburg; in Czech language 1875 in Prague), Garold (1886 in Peterburg; 1888 in Czech language as Harold in Prague), Dubrovskij (1895 in Peterburg; 1896 in Czech language in Prague with many reprises), Francesca da Rimini (1902 in Peterburg).